Networking is a process of connecting two or more computer together for the purpose of sharing data. For the organizations, this can be a unique benefit. Instead of putting any given data into various computers, you can put it into one computer and then have that computer share the information with rest of the computers with the help of networking software and hardware. Networking make life easier and has proved to be exceptional time saving tools.
In order to set up a network of computers in your office, you will need networking hardware such as a file server, network interface cards, Ethernet cards, local talk connectors, a switch, a router, and/or bridges. Other than that you would also require the networking software. A Networking Software is a set of primitives that define the code of action between two or more computers. The network software allows all the computers in a network to connect and communicate with one other and share the data. It includes the all information that needs to be carried in a package containing a “header” and a “trailer”. The header and trailer hold information for the receiving computer, such as the address of that computer and how the information package is coded. Information is transferred between computers as either electrical signal in electric wires, as light signals in fiber-optic cables, or as electromagnetic waves through space.
A networking operating system differs from DOS based and Windows applications. Network operating systems are primarily classified in two types of networks- client and server network and peer-to-peer network. If you are planning to set up a small yet simple networking system then a peer-to-peer network could be the best solution and for larger systems, a client/server suits well.
In case of a peer-to-peer network, you do not require a dedicated server or computer to share information between computers and can easily adapt to a Windows Operating System. Anyone with basic knowledge of networking can easily configure your existing computer to work with your peer-to-peer software. On the contrary, for client-server networking a dedicated server is a prerequisite and you would need a Network engineer to set it up. networking software [http://www.govgroup.com/networking-software-26973-ctg.htm] plays an important role in proper functioning of any network. There are numerous networking software available these days; you should most definitely research to choose the most appropriate software for your setup, in advance.
You can find various networking software and hardware from the leading manufacturers on govgroup.com. You can compare prices and features of the networking software and choose the one that suits your needs.